Report Viewer: Create a Hyperlink to SharePoint
If you’re not aware yet, the upcoming version of SharePoint (2013) does not include a design view in SharePoint Designer anymore, which means no more no-code data view web parts.
SSRS reports are a great replacement for the data view web part in many cases. In this post, I’ll show you how to create a conditionally formatted list of tasks using Report Builder 3.0, and link each task back to that SharePoint list item. This will be displayed in the report viewer web part on the homepage. Also note that you can create reports on one site that show data that’s in another site!
For a little background on what SSRS is and some basic steps on creating reports in Report Builder 3.0, refer to my blog post: Easy Reporting off of SharePoint Data, which also includes a video presentation and PowerPoint.
So, once you’ve gotten to the point where you’ve got your report created as a table, from your list of SharePoint tasks, here are the steps to create some conditional formatting and add that hyperlink. My table is a task list, and I’m showing the Title, Priority, Assigned To, Due Date, and Task Status.
- My first goal is to show the priority as red and bold if it’s high priority. Remember that in task lists, the value for high priority is (1) High. Right click on the Priority cell (the white one, not the table header). Choose Text Box Properties.
- Click Font on the left side, and this is what you’ll see. Notice that each option has a little function button next to it. This function button is what can be used in order to create conditions. Also, if you click around the other areas such as border and fill, you’ll notice many other options for formatting.
- Click the Function (fx) button next to the Color box.
- Clear out what’s already in the expression box. We’re going to create an IF statement, which is a similar concept to what you’ve seen in SharePoint calculated columns, in Excel, and in Access.
For those of you who are advanced, here is the end result expression:
=IIf(Fields!Priority.Value = “(1) High”,”Red”,”Black”)
To go though the actual steps of creating the function, continue…
You can find the IIF statement (and syntax) in the Program Flow group under Common Functions.
- Click on Fields (Project Tasks is the name of my SharePoint list). Double click on Priority.
- Just type the text in, for the value = (1) High, and then click the Constants category on the left.
- Then, since we want high to be red, click the red color on the right, which will put the word “Red” in the formula. Otherwise, if it’s not red, we just want it to be black. Here’s the full syntax:
- Click OK, click OK. Then, in Report Builder, click the Run button to preview it.
- Click the Design button at the top. The next thing we’ll do is make the status field have a yellow background if it’s not completed yet. Right click on the Status cell (not the column heading), and choose Text box properties.
- Click Fill on the left. If we wanted to show an actual image according to different conditions, this is where we would do it, but we’re just going to do the color. Click the Function (fx) button next to the Fill Color box.
- Clear out the expression box and put in the following:
=IIf(Fields!Task_Status.Value <> “Completed”,”Yellow”,”Transparent”)
- Basically, if the task status is not equal to <> the word completed, then it’s yellow, otherwise, it’s transparent (no color). Click OK, click OK. Run.
- Okay, now what good is a list of important tasks, if you don’t have a way to actually open them up? Time to make the title into a hyperlink. Back in Design view, right click on the Title field (the white, not the green header), and choose Text Box Properties.
- Click Action on the left, and choose Go to URL.
- Click the Function (fx) button next to the Select URL box. You’ll need to know the URL to get to the display form for a specific task. Mine is:
(to read more about how hyperlinks are structured in SharePoint, read my post here)
The __ at the end is what needs to display the ID of whatever item I click on.
- Click OK, click OK. Notice that your title still doesn’t look like a hyperlink. Well, it is, but it’s not going to be obvious to anyone.
- With your Title cell still selected, just click the little underline button in the ribbon, just like you would in MS Word. Then, use the font color next to it, to change the font to blue. Click Run. Click Save, save it to your library where you keep reports, and close Report Builder.
- Go to your site’s home page, or any other page, really, in the browser, and Edit Page. Click to add/insert a web part. In the SQL Server Reporting category, insert the SQL Server Reporting Services Report Viewer.
- Open the web part toolpane. In the Report box, navigate to your report in the library you just saved it in. Click OK. Stop editing the page and/or save it.
This is what the final result looks like in the browser:
Note that there are many more options in the web part settings, which allow you to control what shows on the toolbar, etc. You can also change the setting that determines what window that links will come up in, so you can use _blank if you want the task to open up in a new window. This is even pretty, printable, and exportable.
You make the report viewer web part sound so good that I can picture recommending it over the data view web part even without the 2013 changes! Nice walkthrough. The visuals really help.
I’ve always found the reports that SSRS emits to be incredibly bloated and slow in the browser. What’s your take on that?
Also, do you think that this is a good “end user” replacement for the DVWP? Would they even have access to these tools?
I think the 3 of us are going to miss the DVWP the most. Just can’t believe they ripped this out….
One more step in making SharePoint so complicated that it is impossible for anything but a team of specialists to handle.
DVWP/DVFP will be sadly missed. It makes you wonder if the SPD team have the best interests of the SP product at heart following as it does their SP 2010 can only be used with SP 2010 sites misstep.
One stupidity per SPD version?
Yes, Report Builder 3.0 is an end user tool.
Ian and Mike,
Just keep encouraging people to chime in here, on this thread that Marc started. Hopefully Microsoft will read it. http://social.technet.microsoft.com/Forums/en-US/sharepointitpropreview/thread/8f8e2cb3-a90f-4653-9d22-050f9f0d8612
Great Information! As usual… I think you would be the perfect person to answer this question…
Is it possible, in an SSRS report, to have the parameter dropdown option fed by the SharePoint User Profile? Much like InfoPath has the option to connect to the User Profile and utilize that data in forms, can that work in an SSRS report as well?
I have an SSRS report that I’m trying to pass data to from another web part and the infopath form webpart keeps crashing. I thought that if the report could be fed teh information from the UP, it’s one less item hanging around on the page.
Yes, you can deploy the report to sharepoint, and put it on the page in a report viewer web part. Then, put a current user filter web part on the same page, and use a web part connection to pass the parameter to the report.
First off Laura I think you are great! BUT I cannot get the link to work. It keeps opening up the form but not the correct data, (no data in form). I have customized the form in Infopath, does that make a difference in the URL or what am I doing wrong? I am appending the link you gave above to the base of the list link.
I have a problem though with displaying Hyerpling ( hyperlink/Item column type frm sharepoin tlist) into an ssrs report,
I only want to display the descripton, but end uo all the time with the whole URL+Descriptpon
any workaround for that ?
All I can think is that you’re not sending the ID correctly. Can you try hard coding an ID into the URL and see if that works, and then try using the ID field and see if that works?
Sorry, I don’t understand your question.
This is not related to the above but SSRS ,
Is there a way to access folders of documents libraries using report designer because reports do not access folder level items. 🙂
Long time follower, first time responder.
Thank you so much of this! I’ve been frustrated with links in Report Builder, but I had one aditional requirement to open links in a new window/tab so a friend here helped me to modify your link to this:
Note. the “void(0)” is necessary or the original page will refersh to “[object]”, refer to:
No, I have tried that before and never found a way to do it.
Thanks for the tip!
Any ideas on how to get the links to still function after exporting the report to word or PDF? Thank you in advance!
Thank you so much Laura
for the hyper link parameter issue its display in browse twise.
i am strugling for the same issue. but after read your post solved my issue.
Awesome, I’m so glad to help!
This is brilliant, thanks! One question: how would I change the link to force it to open in a new window?